Address the Internet of Things (IoT) and device design challenges using a holistic approach
As the number of connected devices increases around the world, the ways in which they are used, designed and tested have also expanded. The rise of connected devices requires engineers to harness the power of the Internet of Things, which is expected to reach 28 billion by 2025. A holistic approach to device design is needed more than ever to meet the challenges facing us. this rapid growth will bring. Why Engineers Should Use IoT Technology In Product Design The demand for devices designed to use Internet of Things (IoT) technology is increasing as more industries find extended ways to use them . Sectors such as healthcare, automotive and agriculture are increasingly dependent on the capabilities of the cloud and therefore need new devices capable of connecting to it. Due to this increase in demand, an increasing number of devices are offering a multitude of benefits to both consumers and businesses. However, this new wave of products has led to a growing list of challenges for engineers as they are forced to tackle IoT technology with regards to connectivity, regulations, longevity and security. Ways to Use IoT in the Development Process Engineers face these new challenges along with the normal pressure of time and testing considerations. By approaching all of these issues from a holistic perspective, solutions become clearer and new device capabilities can emerge. Let’s look at the challenges individually as well as possible solutions for them. Improving Connectivity The IoT allows data to be transferred between infrastructure, cloud and devices, making the process smooth Since IoT is connection-based, it’s no surprise that the The main challenge for engineers is to improve connectivity between devices. IoT enables data to be transferred between infrastructure, cloud and devices. It is therefore crucial to make this process as smooth as possible. The main challenges related to connectivity relate to product development and testing while adhering to industry standards and best practices. Additionally, many companies lack the equipment and technology to develop new IoT devices, making it difficult to build scalable prototypes and test new products. Suggested Solutions To solve the problem of not having the expertise and tools for testing, we suggest outsourcing the prototyping and evaluation process instead of trying to tackle it in-house. By doing this, you are able to free up resources that would otherwise be required for expensive equipment and skilled personnel. Helping Regulatory Compliance When working with connected devices around the world, there is a complex web of regulations and compliance standards that can pose challenges for engineers. The need to comply with these regulations while striving to meet deadlines can be overwhelming and lead to increased production time and expense. Failure to comply with global and regional laws, as well as system and operator requirements, can result in costly fines and setbacks. This type of failure can destroy a company’s reputation in addition to financial loss, often resulting in the loss of a business. Suggested Solutions By testing the design and components of the IoT device early on, engineers can resolve any pre-compliance issues that may arise. During the early stages of development, we suggest using scalable and automated test systems readily available in the market. Improved Communication with Other Devices New challenges arise as new devices enter the market and existing technologies are redesigned to provide a better experience.In the growing number of connected devices, new challenges will arise as more new devices will hit the market and existing technologies will be redesigned to provide a better user experience. This rapid growth of devices will lead to congested networks, forcing devices to operate amid increased traffic and interference. Failure to do so will result in late responses which could prove fatal. Suggested Solutions The best solution to this problem is found in the evaluation process and support test methods that the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) published in the US National Standard for the Evaluation of Coexistence Without wire (ANSI). This process resolves interconnectivity issues present in radio frequency environments. The process described involves defining the environment and evaluating the wireless performance of the equipment through extensive testing. A detailed version is available in its entirety online. Increase device longevity IoT devices are used in vital industries such as healthcare and automotive. So battery life and power consumption are two challenges engineers need to take seriously. Failure in this area could potentially result in loss of life or safety issues on the road. As new firmware and software are designed to address these factors, engineers must implement them into IoT devices with the ability to be continually updated. Suggested Solutions Longevity should be considered in all aspects of the design process and thoroughly tested using a wide range of currents. In doing so, an engineer can simulate consumer applications to better predict performance. Security Security and privacy are concerns with any technology, but with the use of IoT in medical devices, it’s paramount Security has been a controversial issue for IoT since its inception. Security and privacy are concerns for any technology, but with the widespread use of IoT in medical devices, smart home devices, access control, and surveillance, it’s paramount. For example, medical devices can store information about health parameters, drugs, and prescriber information. In some cases, these devices can be controlled by an app, such as a smart pacemaker, to prevent cardiac arrhythmias. Naturally, a safety issue in these devices could be devastating. Another example of a dangerous security problem involves surveillance cameras and access control, such as with home or commercial security systems. These smart door locking systems contain locks, lock access controllers and associated devices that communicate with each other. Suspicious activity is signaled by alerts and notifications, but if a hacker gains access to it, it can cause real physical danger. Security Design Points Here are some key security design points: Physical Security: IoT devices can be located in external and isolated locations that are vulnerable to attacks not only from hackers, but also through human contact. Embedding security protection on every IoT device is expensive, but it’s important for overall security and data security. Security of data exchange: Data protection is also important as data is transmitted from IoT devices to the gateway and then to the cloud. With surveillance and access control information or sensitive medical information, encryption is essential to protect data from breach. Cloud storage security: Like data exchange, information stored in medical devices, surveillance and access control systems, and some smart devices with payment functionality need to be protected. This includes encryption and device authentication through access control, which can control which resources are accessed and used. Update: Security vulnerabilities will always occur, so the key to resolving them is having a plan to correct errors and release patches. Customers should also have options to secure devices quickly and efficiently. Suggested Solutions Engineers can embed security and protection in IoT devices with early and perpetual testing throughout the design process. Most security vulnerabilities occur at the endpoint level or during updates, giving engineers a starting point to address them. Creating more secure devices Ensuring the security of connected devices should be of utmost importance to engineers, as these devices are vulnerable to security breaches. Ultimate device security goes beyond engineering, as the network and enterprise levels must also be secure to protect against potential threats. However, engineers also play a role in this protection and must consider device security in the design process. Suggested Solutions At the device level, engineers can help protect IoT devices from vulnerabilities by implementing early testing and continuing through the design process. Most security breaches occur at endpoints, so this ongoing testing can, and should, create barriers to breaches. Regulations and Compliance For IoT engineers, the complex web of regulations and compliance standards present new challenges Data and technology regulations and compliance are not new, but for IoT engineers, the complex web of regulations and compliance standards present new challenges. Engineers are already tackling security and connectivity barriers, while meeting deadlines, and circumventing regulations adds time and expense to the process. Unfortunately, failure to comply with global, regional or local laws can result in setbacks and fines. In addition to wasted production time and possible fines, damage to a company’s reputation can lead to even more losses. Suggested Solutions Compliance should be considered early and often in the design process. In the early stages of development, the IoT device or components can be tested to resolve compliance issues. If possible, use a scalable and automated test system. The Complete Solution As we look to an uncertain future full of possibilities, it is clear that new challenges will continue to present themselves as technology evolves and new innovative devices are designed by engineers. By addressing these problems early and often, solutions can be implemented and problems avoided before they even have a chance to occur through solid engineering and solid design.